Football, rugby and even cricket fans in England often wear Knights Templar cosplay and support their national team. In the last column, it was revealed that these Templar or Crusader costumes of English fans are close to comedy stemming from ignorance. Then, who is the soccer team that inherited the legacy of the Knights Templar? To understand this, we need to study history.
The Templars received many donations from Europe, including land and castles. The Knights Templar obeyed only the pope’s orders and were not bound by any king. Pope Innocent II issued an edict giving the Templars special protection, granting them preferential immunity from secular law. They levied their own taxes and were able to conduct independent diplomatic activities. The Knights Templar was a de facto state.
The Knights Templar, with its strict discipline, was highly trusted in medieval Europe as an organization that did not lie. Based on this, the Knights became the first financiers in Europe. The Crusades greatly increased trade and the number of pilgrims, and the various branches of the Knights Templar were used as a network. They also created a deposit and withdrawal system. For example, depositing money in one branch of the Knights Templar and showing the certificate of deposit to another branch allowed immediate withdrawal. Even Muslims are said to have used the Knights Templar’s banking services.
Based on solid finances, the Knights also entered the money lending business. They also lent money to King Louis VII of France and King John of England. In addition, the Templars even issued traveler’s checks in Western Europe and the East, and collected currency exchange fees. The knights accumulated tremendous wealth through these activities, and in exchange for financial services, they were able to enjoy various privileges. However, the downfall of the Templars ironically began with their successful financial business.
Europe in the 13th and 14th centuries was a time when the authority of the pope declined and the kingship became stronger. Accordingly, the Pope’s Knights Templar, created across borders, comes as a nuisance to the kings. In addition, the enormous wealth and independent army of the Knights Templar was like a thorn in the eye of the king. 크크크벳
In the end, King Philip IV of France, who owed a huge debt to the Knights Templar, decided to take away the cash and gold and silver treasures from the Knights Templar. The Templars were arrested by surprise on charges of heresy, idolatry, and homosexuality. The number of people arrested reached 2,000, including knights and those who assisted the knights. At that time, Pope Clement V could not side with the Knights because he was almost subordinate to the King of France.